Exploring the Lares Trail, the Road Less Traveled to Machu Picchu

Peru’s less commercial route to Machu Picchu winds through the Peruvian mountains before reaching the sacred peak.

Peru’s Lares Trail is the road less traveled to Machu Picchu. Outshined by the popular Salcantay and Inca trails, Lares is the cultural cousin to Peru’s prized twins, and Lares offers what other treks don’t: It reveals the hidden side of Peruvian culture, where mountains are gods and the land is alive. Regarded as pachamama (mother earth), locals revere the ground that provides their livelihood and their bounty. Their life grows here, and the Lares Trail weaves trekkers through this life, creating an intimate journey with the land and its people.

The trail begins at the archaeological site of Chinchero, where colonial buildings rest on Incan foundations. Women shuffle to the day’s market, wearing hats specific to their community — a particular concave in the hat or a certain flower adorning it will differentiate women from different villages. The market is the start of the trail, and it’s good to grab provisions for the full-day hike to Huchuy Qosqo, long rumored to be the palace of the eighth Inca ruler, Viracocha.

Day Two on trail the route visits Pisac, a market hub in the Sacred Valley. Mercado Central de Pisac teems with vendors — and potatoes, of which there are 4,000 estimated varieties in Peru. The market rolls slowly to life, with locals sashaying past one another, navigating the complex aisles. From the market in Pisac, the trail continues to Viacha, a small, isolated town where artisanal potato farming is central to the economy. Traditional pachamanca meals are the norm: potatoes, meat and vegetables cooked under hot stones inside a pocket of the earth’s bed. These pachamanca meals are sacred, as they combine pacha (earth) and manka (pot) as a medium for creating sustenance.

Lares is the cultural cousin to Peru’s prized twins, and Lares offers what other treks don’t: It reveals the hidden side of Peruvian culture, where mountains are gods and the land is alive.

Next the trail enters Lares, from which the trek’s name is derived. Lares is a bustling mountain town, serving as an anchor for elections, commerce and trade. On Sundays, people migrate to the city center and men fill truck beds, then drive back through the steep, curved roads. Adjacent to Lares is Valle de Cuncani, where sheep roam untethered and young women spend afternoons corralling the animals over thin, wooden bridges.

One mountain pass separates Lares from Huacahuasi, and it requires a steep hike that rewards with a panoramic view of Lares. To reach the peak, one must scale a boulder quarry. Once on the other side, a moraine — thick with black and green mold — carries hikers into a swampy marsh. Lichen and mint serve as trail markers, and the path eventually leads to Huacahuasi.


After an overnight in Huacahuasi, the next morning begins with a departure to one of the best preserved Inca trails in the Sacred Valley. Beginning in Accha, the hike weaves through meadows and farmlands. This path is wider than other trails, as this was once used as a commercial route for the Incas (and had to fit the width of a llama). A local, Emilio, farms alongside the path. He runs his family farm in the Alta province. As he sifts through rows and rows of potatoes, his mother and wife do the same quietly alongside. The trail ends in Totora, a small village in the Andes, and from here, you must overnight in Ollaytaytambo before boarding a train for the final stage to Machu Picchu.

As the trek nears its end, it’s easy to feel closer to the pulse of the land, that native landscape the Incas worshipped. Mist shrouds the mountains that protect Machu Picchu, a place where the Incas once performed sacred rituals. One ritual that’s survived the centuries is drinking chicha de jora. This fermented Andean corn beer is sold secretly at homes flanked with red flags. It’s widely consumed by locals, and Incas once used this corn drink to transcend human awareness, granting a far superior shape to salute pachamama. But before taking a drink themselves, Incas first poured a splash to the dirt floor, as an offering to pachamama. Then the glass would be raised to the sky, signifying reverence for the apus (mountains), before taking a drink. Before entering Machu Picchu, guests are asked to follow suit, a custom showing of respect. And this final act, showing reverence to both nature and cultures past, is the last mark of the Lares Trail — that more fitting and reverential path to the sacred grounds of Machu Picchu.

Mountain Lodges of Peru provides guides for the Lares Trail, with 5- to 7-day treks through the mountains.

Learn More: Here

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